By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the heart a long time usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine aid to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of way of life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislations and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are often present in sleek books of historical past of the interval; equally, the fitting that means of outdated English and heart English phrases may well elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the beginning and evolution of a observe provides a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this present day, another relief to clarifying that means.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Cf. next; Babewyn Babery. Grotesque images used as decoration in architecture, also in illuminated MSS. Today, we call them ‘gargoyles’. [< ME babywynrie] – Cf. next Babewyn. Any of the ugly or demonic creatures which populate medieval artwork; many are to be found cut in *cathedral stone, tucked away from first gaze. [< OFr. babuin = grimace, baboon; ME babywynrie = something monstrous] – Cf. previous; Bagwyn; Bestiary; Blemmya; Cynocephalus; Gryllus Babylon. Geography in medieval Europe was rudimentary.
She left it in her will to her children, after which it remained in Scotland. In 1346, David II, king of Scots, invaded England, taking the rood with him in the hope of its bringing success. Instead, at the Battle of Neville’s Cross, David himself was captured and the rood fell into English hands. It was taken to Durham Cathedral and placed in St Cuthbert’s shrine. At some time during the Dissolution it disappeared. – Cf. Rood 2 Black Rood of Waltham. The chief relic of Waltham Abbey, a life-size crucifix.
Her. The term for a hawk shown with a bell attached to a leg. Belvedere. A raised tower or pavilion, even a summerhouse. [Ital. e. bel = beautiful + vedere/voir = to see; thus a place with a beautiful view] Bely-ioye. e. appetite. Bend. Her. e. top right to bottom left. A bend usually occupies one third of the field. – Cf. next; Bendy; Ordinary 2 Bend sinister. Her. e. from the shield’s *sinister chief to *dexter base. It was a mark of bastardy. – Cf. Baton 2 Bendlet. Her. A *charge, half the width of a *bend.