By Gary Patterson Carnegie Mellon University
Polymer technological know-how is now an energetic and thriving neighborhood of scientists, engineers and technologists, yet there has been a time, now not goodbye in the past, whilst there has been no such group. The prehistory of polymer technology is helping to supply key insights into present concerns and ancient difficulties. the tale may be divided into an old interval ( from Greek occasions to the construction of the molecular consensus), a nascent interval (from Dalton to Kekule to van’t Hoff) and a interval of paradigm formation and controversy (from Staudinger to Mark to Carothers). The prehistory concludes with an account of the epochal 1935 dialogue of the Faraday Society on “Polymerization”. After this assembly an energetic group engaged in attempting to resolve the significant difficulties outlined by way of the discussions.
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Additional resources for A Prehistory of Polymer Science
Megson of the British Government Laboratory at Teddington. He discussed the structure and properties of phenol-formaldehyde resins. The time then came for Kurt H. Meyer of Geneva to shine in his own light. ’’ When crystalline sulfur is melted, its viscosity increases dramatically over time and eventually reaches an equilibrium state of very high viscosity. The viscosity changes with temperature, but is quite stable under anaerobic conditions. The thermodynamic heat of polymerization is positive for S8, so that it is the entropy of the chain molecule that drives the reaction.
4 Cambridge Colloid Discussion of 1930 The Faraday Society decided in 1930 to form a Colloid Committee composed of representatives from the Royal Society, the Biochemical, Chemical, Physical and Physiological Societies, the Society of the Chemical Industry and itself. ’’ It was suggested by Sir William Bate Hardy (FRS). It attracted a very large crowd, and had to be moved to larger quarters at Cambridge. There were some truly notable talks, but the spirit of polymer science was not in the air at this Meeting.
During the Discussion, Mark immediately recognized the significance of this work for the understanding of the local structure and flexibility of macromolecules: they were flexible and dynamic, not rigid and straight! D. ’’ However, there are times when the sociology of science lags behind the technical advances. The ‘‘gel point’’ for polymer science was only a few years away, but it was clear from such sentiments that the crosslinking reaction was well on its way in the human sol. The understanding of X-ray scattering from condensed media was already advanced in 1932.