By Gordon C. Oates
Layout and R&D engineers and scholars will worth the excellent, meticulous insurance during this quantity. starting with the elemental rules and ideas of aeropropulsion combustion, chapters discover particular methods, obstacles, and analytical equipment as they endure on part layout.
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Fenimore, C. , Chemistry in Premixed Flames, Pergamon Press, New York, 1964. Frank Kaminetskii, D. , Diffusion and Heat Exchange in Chemical Kinetics, translated by N. J. Fristrom, R. M. and Westenberg, A. , New York, 1965. Gaydon, A. G. and Wolfhard, H. , Flames, Chapman and Hall, London, 1960. Laidler, K. , "Reaction Kinetics," Homogeneous Gas Reactions, Vol. I, Pergamon Press, New York, 1963. Laidler, K. , New York, 1961. Lewis, B. , Combustion Flames and Explosions of Gases, Academic Press, New York, 1964.
Combustion Efficiency Perhaps the most fundamental of all combustion performance characteristics is the combustion efficiency 7/,.. This parameter is defined as the fraction of the maximum possible energy that has been released during a combustion process. 35) In cases where significant acceleration occurs during the combustion process, total enthalpy or temperature must be used in Eqs. 35). Further, the ideal value of T2 in Eq. 35) o r (hsp)T 2 in Eq. 34) is that corresponding to the calculated equilibrium flame temperature.
3 shows the (Ea/RT) -2 for different values of E a and T. Turbulence can be expected to play a significant role in all cases except those involving low activation energies ( < 20 k c a l / g , mole) and high temperatures ( > 2500 K). Because of the obvious difficulties in accomplishing temperature or concentration measurements on the time and length scales of interest to this subject, only limited empirical information is available to provide further explanation of this complex phenomena. Perfectly Stirred Reactor The perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) is defined as a combustion region in which reactant and product concentrations as well as temperature are completely homogeneous.